Affinity believes that for every dispute, there can be a win-win resolution with no unnecessary expenditure, be it monetary or emotional.
Affinity believes that for every dispute, there can be a win-win resolution with no unnecessary expenditure, be it monetary or emotional.
We handle family issues such as parenting, finances, division of property, support payments and a myriad of family matters. We also offer mediations in the fields of commercial law and employment law. We insist on members of our team conducting themselves with a high degree of emotional intelligence and empathy while remaining unbiased and at arm’s length.
In Canada’s increasing cultural diversity, we understand that factoring in the subtleties of cultural norms and gender dynamics is an essential ingredient of a successful mediation.
Call a Toronto Mediation Lawyer at Affinity Law today to resolve your issue.
Our unique and experienced immigration team helps individuals, families and businesses settle in Canada whether to immigrate, work on temporary assignments, study and/ or visit.
Our unique and experienced immigration team helps individuals, families and businesses settle in Canada whether to immigrate, work on temporary assignments, study and/ or visit. Our firm provides assistance in the following immigration matters:
- Express Entry- Foreign Skilled Worker Class and Canadian Experience Class
- Student Visas including post graduate work permit
- Business/Investor Immigration Class
- Work Permit
- Spousal Sponsorship
- Citizenship Application
We offer legal services in several languages and travel throughout the world to assist in immigration matters. Our legal team will provide a customized immigration solution tailored to you and your families needs along with settlement services if you so require. We have our clients best interest in mind and are kept abreast of the latest immigration changes. We advise you speak to our immigration team to help you navigate through the complexities of the Canadian immigration system.
Wills including Sharia Compliant Wills and Powers Of Attorney
Wills including Sharia Compliant Wills and Powers Of Attorney
If you do not have a Will or need to update an existing one, contact Affinity Law, and schedule a consultation today
If you would like more information, or have something specific you would like to discuss with us, please contact us by telephone at 1 844 786 LAW 1 (5291).
Our firm also represents businesses and individuals when their disputes rise to the point of litigation.
Our firm represents businesses and individuals when their disputes rise to the point of litigation. Not only can we counsel you on your legal options, draft and file documents, and provide representation in court, we can also advise you on useful strategies and the potential long- and short-term implications of legal action.
We handle a wide array of civil matters, including the following:
- Business partner disputes
- Breaches of contract
- Real estate construction disputes
- Breaches of vendor agreements
- Co-op board disputes
- Employer failure to pay
Business Partner Disputes
A dispute between or among partners can seriously derail a business in its daily operations as well as affecting its growth and sustainability. Before your dispute escalates or if it already has, contact a Toronto business lawyer at Affinity Law to advise you.
Examples of disputes that our attorneys regularly handle include:
- Fraud or theft—your partner embezzled money from the business, which can also result in criminal charges
- Violation of a contractual agreement—this could include an employment provision, a contract with a client, a non-compete agreement, or any part of the partnership contract
- Misuse or violation of the partnership’s intellectual property—a partner has used the business trademark or patent for self-aggrandizement and without consent of the partners
- Breach of fiduciary duty—partners have financial obligations to act in the best interests of the company and not to further their own private interests at the expense of the partnership
- Whether a partnership was created—one may have been created through words or actions including contributions of money, property, knowledge, effort, and skills to a joint venture or undertaking, or if profits are shared, and joint bank accounts created that can create legal liability
Breach of Contract
A breach of contractual obligations is not always so apparent. The defendant may assert that it has performed in accordance with the contractual terms, or there may be a legal excuse for non-performance or partial performance. If there has been a breach, then what remedies does the non-breaching party have?
Under some circumstances, interlocutory or injunctive relief may be sought that can preempt an anticipated breach. Consult a Toronto contract lawyer from Affinity Law if you are accused of a breach or you claim the other party is in breach. Other legal remedies available to you may include:
- Compensatory damages—consequential and expectation. For example, a business can claim damages for what it expected to receive under the contract or according to the market values. It can also claim loss of business profits from the failure to deliver goods, or what was reasonably foreseen when the parties contracted.
- Quantum Meruit—the value of what was earned.
- Rescission of the contract—the contract is terminated and the parties are restored to the positions they had before entering into the contract.
- Specific performance—the breaching party must perform a specific act including completing its obligations under the contract.
- Restitution or reimbursement—restores the party to its position before the contract was formed.
- Mitigation—the nonbreaching party must take steps to mitigate its losses to prevent further damage.
- Liquidated damages—a specific amount to be paid as damages for specific types of breaches as defined within the contract and which amount was agreed to at the time the contract was formed.
Real Estate Construction Disputes
Real estate construction disputes are not uncommon. If not quickly or adequately resolved, you can experience delays that can result in substantial losses or cancellation of a project. Contact a Toronto civil litigation lawyer from Affinity Law if a real estate construction dispute threatens to derail your plans and cause significant monetary losses.
At Affinity Law, we handle any number of possible issues in real estate construction disputes, including:
- Construction fraud
- Window and exterior façade leaks
- Wood floor problems including expansion and contraction
- Ventilation and exhaust problems
- Use of inferior substitutions or other quality issues
- Damage to the project due to fire, natural disaster, equipment failure, or other causes
- Useless or inadequate warranties
- Management disputes
- Bid process
- Costs associated with delays
- Work that is extra to the project
Any of these issues can be resolved through negotiation, mediation, arbitration, or trial.
Breach of Vendor Agreements
Vendor contracts are agreements with other individuals or companies to deliver goods and/or services. These contracts contain the terms and conditions of the agreement such as the nature of the relationship, the contract beginning and termination dates, how to end the contract before the termination date, goals and expectations, payment clause, insurance, indemnification, protection of certain information, and choice of law and dispute resolution. Many vendor agreements have arbitration clauses so that disputes are resolved in this manner in lieu of court.
Breaches or excuses for non-performance by a party occur for a variety of reasons, such as an inability to perform due to unforeseen or superseding circumstances, impracticability, frustration of purpose, failure of conditions, mistake, and others.
A fundamental breach occurs when one party fails to complete a material term of the agreement so that the other party is unable to fulfill its obligations. In such cases, the non-breaching party could simply cancel the contract without any liability to itself. Other remedies that can be pursued include specific performance, rescission, reformation or a claim for damages.
Disputes arise over LOL clauses (limitation of liability) whereby a party wants to limit its liability to direct damages or to a percentage of the revenue paid by a customer to the vendor or supplier and not have to pay consequential damages. However, the LOL clause must be unambiguous or it may be unenforceable. Where consumers are the party to a LOL clause, the corporate entity that included the clause may have done so in an unconscionable environment so that the clause becomes a contract of adhesion where the consumer has no choice but to accept the limited terms. Courts may invalidate such clauses under these circumstances.
Because the majority of vendor agreement disputes are arbitrated, having a skilled Toronto civil litigation lawyer handling your case is essential to a fair and satisfactory resolution.
Co-op Board Disputes
Cooperatives are incorporated entities owned by an association of individuals with common needs such as access to products or services. You can find a co-op in these 4 categories:
- Consumer co-op—housing, retail, childcare, finance, or health services
- Producer co-op—markets goods or services by members or provides them with equipment or products to allow them to engage in their own professional activities
- Worker co-op—provides jobs to members who own the cooperative
- Multi-stakeholder co-op—homecare, health, and social enterprises serving the needs of different stakeholders in these industries
Co-ops must have at least 3 directors or any greater minimum amount as set forth in its articles. Shares are issued but each member only has one vote, regardless of the number of shares owned. Proxies are not allowed. Interest on share capital may or may not be distributed. Dividends are distributed on the basis of the maximum percentage fixed within the articles.
In Ontario, your co-op is organized by the province’s legislation as well as by the human rights code and municipal by-laws and regulations. The co-op decides on matters either by the majority vote of the board or that of the members, depending on the issue. If you have an issue, your first step is to place it on the agenda with the board at its next meeting. The board is expected to make its decisions in accordance with the by-laws or other rules and policies, and to act in the best interests of the co-op.
If you are seeking a change in the co-op rules or feel that the co-op has not followed the applicable rules, then you can request a members’ meeting. All rules governing such meetings must be followed, such as a requirement for a resolution to be drafted as part of the requisition process.
You should consult with a Toronto business lawyer from Affinity Law if you have a material dispute with your co-op board regarding an interpretation an/or application of the Co-Operative’s Corporation Act or the co-op’s by-laws. If you have the support of other members, you could pass a resolution, ask for an investigation into the co-op’s management and affairs, or have the court appoint an inspector.
Employer Failure to Pay
It is illegal for an employer to withhold wages and to not pay you according to your contract or per the regular pay day or pay period. You do have the option of contacting the Employment Standards Office who will investigate your complaint. If your employment ended, the employer must pay all outstanding wages including vacation pay. If your employer fails to pay, the steps you take are dependent on whether the employer is provincially or federally regulated.
If provincially regulated, then you must make a written Request for Payment to your employer who has 15-days to respond. If your employer refuses or fails to respond, you may file a complaint with the Employment Standards Branch within 6-months of when your employer was obligated to pay you. If you do file the complaint, the Employment Standards Branch may have you go to mediation for resolution. If it is not resolved, it will go to an adjudicator to render a determination. You have further redress if you are not satisfied with the determination by appealing to the Employment Standards Tribunal for a reconsideration.
If federally regulated, you can file a complaint that a Labour Program inspector will review and make a ruling. If you are dissatisfied with the findings, you may ask for a review by the Minister of Labour within 15-days after notice was served. If not satisfied with the review, you can appeal to a referee.
Consult with an experienced Toronto Employment lawyer from Affinity Law if you are experiencing issues with your employer’s failure to pay. We can help file a complaint or take the matter to court under certain circumstances.
If you feel you have been unjustly terminated from your employment, Affinity Law can help.
Affinity Law offers highly experienced and knowledgeable legal counsel, who are dedicated to protecting and advancing your employment rights. The main areas of employment law that Toronto employment lawyers at Affinity Law handle include:
- Wrongful dismissal
- Sexual harassment in the workplace
- Employment contracts
- Contractor disputes
- Human rights and discrimination in the workplace
- Non-compete agreements
- Severance packages
Contact one of our lawyers to discuss any of the above workplace issues.
Wrongful Termination or Dismissal
At Affinity Law, our employment lawyers in Toronto and the GTA counsel and represent clients who feel that they have been wrongfully or unjustly terminated or dismissed, which is the most common complaint among our employment law clients. To understand what it means to be unjustly terminated requires some basic understanding of the applicable employment law in Ontario.
Many of the rules and laws pertaining to employment and termination are found in the Employment Standards Act, 2000 (ESA), which sets forth minimum standards under which all employers must abide. An employee may have additional and greater protections under legislative or common law, or within their employment contracts or employee handbook.
Most terminations are lawful because an employer may simply not have liked you or felt you were not being as productive as you should. If you are terminated within the first 3-months of your employment, many of the protections afforded longer term employees may not be available to you.
But if you have been continuously employed for 3-months or longer, your employer may fire you for just cause. But if no cause is given, then your employer can lawfully terminate you in two ways:
- You are given proper written notice of termination
- Or, you are given termination pay in lieu of notice, or a combination of the two
The termination notice and the number of weeks of termination pay has to equal the length of notice your employer must give. Along with severance pay, you may be entitled to termination pay and vacation pay in accordance with the ESA.
What is Just Cause for Termination?
If you are dismissed for just cause, then the employer does not want to give you reasonable notice or pay in lieu of notice and does not need to if it is credible.
Just cause for termination can be serious misconduct, disobedience, or material willful neglect of duty that has not been condoned by the employer. Other examples are employees on temporary layoff or who refuse reasonable alternative employment. The termination letter for just cause must state the details of the conduct, the position of the employer and whether or not the just cause is being alleged by the employer.
What Constitutes Wrongful Dismissal?
Wrongful dismissals are generally for the following reasons:
- You were not given the proper notification
- You were not given the proper severance pay
- Your employer neglected to follow the termination procedures set forth in your contract or employee handbook
- You were fired for a discriminatory reason—age, gender, race, sexual orientation, religion, nationality
- You were dismissed after filing a complaint of discrimination or you cooperated with an investigation filed by another employee regarding discrimination
- You were dismissed for refusing to work in excess of the daily or weekly maximum hours, or for taking a leave of absence specified in the ESA
No just cause was given, or it was for prior conduct that the employer condoned
You might also have been wrongfully terminated without cause in a situation where your employer did allege just cause for misconduct but failed to engage in progressive discipline. This refers to situations where an employer may be required to give warnings and allow the employer to remedy the misconduct. Another situation may be where the just cause alleged by your employer for terminating you was incompetence. This alone, however, may not constitute just cause and may form the basis for a wrongful dismissal cause of action.
This is a complex aspect of unjust dismissal. Your employer may have taken steps to force you to resign by making material changes to the terms and conditions of your work such as a significant reduction in salary, re-locating you, reducing your authority, changing your hours, or engaging in abusive or harassing conduct. Further, your employer cannot suggest that you resign or face certain consequences if you do not, or force you to waive your rights to compensation.
To allege constructive dismissal, you must resign from your employment within a reasonable time after the changes have been implemented or after the abusive conduct began.
What is Reasonable Written Notice?
What constitutes reasonable notice to a terminated employee depends on a variety of factors. Factors affecting or increasing reasonable notice in your particular case may be:
- You were persuaded to leave another position and then dismissed shortly thereafter
- The employer acted in bad faith in dismissing you
- The employer acted to cast you in a bad light so as to make it difficult for you to find other employment
- Your position was highly skilled or specialized
In most cases, the length of time you have been continuously employed determines the amount of notice required. For instance, if you worked less than one year, you are entitled to at least one week’s notice. If your employment was at least 8-years, then 8 weeks’ notice may be reasonable in light of other circumstances that may dictate a longer notice.
Notice of your termination must be addressed to and delivered to you personally by regular mail, email, or by fax, and be verified. If your employment is subject to a collective bargaining agreement or contract that provides seniority rights that allows an employee who is to be terminated to displace another employee, the notice must be posted in the workplace with the names of those employees to be terminated and the effective date.
What is Termination Pay?
In lieu of receiving a written notice, an employer may simply give the employee termination pay, which is a lump sum payment equal to the regular work week wages that the terminated employee would have earned during the notice period. This must include vacation pay. Employers must also continue to make contributions to whatever benefits the employee would be entitled had the employee continued to work during the notice period.
Termination pay must be provided 7-days after the person’s employment is terminated or by the next regular pay date, whichever is later.
It is important to recognize that the rules regarding termination under the ESA are minimum requirements. Your own employment situation may be dictated by other legislation and common law that may give you greater rights.
Also, be aware that you cannot sue your employer for wrongful dismissal and also file a claim for termination or severance pay with the Ministry of Labour. You may only choose one option.
If you feel that you were wrongfully terminated from your employment, or have other work-related issues affecting your employment, consult with a Toronto wrongful dismissal lawyer at Affinity Law about your rights and what legal options are available to you.
Affinity Law PC offers a wide range of legal services involved with real estate. Buying and selling residential
Affinity Law PC offers a wide range of legal services involved with real estate. Buying and selling residential and commercial properties, condominiums, refinancing and second mortgages are all services that our real estate department is well versed in. When you hire Affinity Law, one of the top real estate law firms in Toronto, you will receive the benefit of experienced and dedicated Toronto real estate lawyers working to achieve your goals and to ensure that all the terms and provisions of your transaction are in accordance with your intentions.
You can also be assured that our attorneys will meet personally with you to review the transaction, get an understanding of how you intend to use the property, and that you are purchasing exactly what you expected. We also promise to keep the lines of communication open and will return all phone calls the same day. Call anytime for a free consultation with a Toronto real estate lawyer from Affinity Law.
Commercial Real Estate Services
Affinity lawyers are highly experienced commercial real estate lawyers in Toronto and will advise and handle all legal aspects concerning the purchase, sale or leasing of commercial properties. These transactions involve zoning, title searches, and environmental issues that our knowledgeable lawyers will manage on your behalf. Some of the other commercial real estate services that we handle are:
- Joint ventures
- Condominium development/sales
- Hotels and hospitality
- Cost-sharing transactions
- Purchase and sale
- Residential and industrial development
- Shopping and retail center development
- Title repair
- Parking issues
- Design control agreements
- Density rights transfers
- Renewable energy projects
- Joint use and public/private initiatives
Purchasing or selling property at a reasonable price and with terms satisfactory to you requires skilled and seasoned legal representatives who have a firm grasp and knowledge of the local market and all applicable regulations. Our attorneys are veteran negotiators and strategists and have successfully addressed nearly any dispute and issue that commonly arise in commercial transactions. We are also considerate of our clients’ time and resources and will seek mediation or other alternative dispute resolution measures before pursuing litigation as a last resort if there are disagreements.
Residential Real Estate Services
Proper management of your real estate transaction is essential to avoid unexpected complications that can arise because certain issues were overlooked or misunderstood. Many of these unforeseen issues can be averted if there is effective communication with the various parties in a residential real estate deal. Our Toronto real estate lawyers have wide experience with the parties to a transaction, including:
- Buyer or seller
- Attorneys for the parties
- Real estate brokers
- Mortgage brokers
- Condominium management association
The review and drafting of closing and all other necessary documents should only be done by highly experienced legal professionals. You can expect one of our Toronto real estate lawyers to review and draft these and any other essential documents:
Agreement of Purchase and Sale
This is the legal agreement that sets out the material terms of the transaction, such as sales price, deposit, preconditions, and special arrangements or warranties.
We will ensure that these documents are properly and accurately drafted and completed including the title search and title insurance.
Recording Documents with the Local Government and Collecting Fees
This includes the Land Transfer Tax and Government Registration Fees
Final Statement of Adjustment
Certain expenses associated with home ownership such as realty taxes and condo fees must be reconciled between seller and buyer and are prorated based on the time of year when ownership is transferred. If it is a new home, there will adjustments for hookups such as water, gas and hydrometer. There are likely other expenses that were previously agreed upon.
Mortgage registration is accomplished by the buyer’s attorney. A Letter of Instruction is sent by the lender regarding the closing and what is to be included in the attorney’s Report on Title.
Report on Title
This document contains the results of the title search that should reveal whether any liens, taxes or other restrictions exist that could constitute a cloud on the title, as well as easements on the property, the property insurance, and the applicable title insurance.
Condominium Sales Agreement
There are different documents for condominium sales such as a Status Certificate for the unit you are purchasing, financial statements, recent reserve fund study, budget for the year, and the by-laws, rules, regulations, and other provisions pertaining to the condominium complex.
Closing Documents and Sale
Before the closing date, the purchaser or seller needs to sign all relevant documents at the attorney’s office. These include among others:
- Deed and sale documents
- Payment of taxes and utilities up to the day of closing
- Affidavit confirming that the buyer is not a non-resident of Canada
- Statement that the sale is exempt from GST as sale of a used residence
- Declaration of possession
At the closing, all documents are reviewed and payment of the sales price is made. The deed is released to the buyer for registration. The purchaser’s attorney notifies the city of the change in ownership
Sharia Compliant Financing and Mortgage
Call us today for a free consultation at 1 844 786 LAW 1 (5291)
Affinity Law PC understands the needs of this niche market for our clientele engaging in financial transactions while observing sharia guidelines. Sharia compliant financing is a unique method of financing a home or commercial property. Sharia law forbids charging interest on a loan so a trust can be created that is funded by investors that buys the property outright. The trust rents the home to tenants who are in a rent-to-own situation with their monthly payments going towards gradually purchasing the property with each passing year.
As a pioneer in this field of finance, our legal team is able to understand firsthand the needs of this fast growing community. Speak with a member of our team from Affinity Law today to learn more about our products developed and approved by an independent Shariah Advisory Board.
The Corporate Division at Affinity Law offers valuable advice for a variety of businesses. We provide our clients
Corporate And Commercial
The Corporate Division at Affinity Law offers valuable advice for a variety of businesses. We provide our clients with practical business models and structures that suit their business objectives while limiting their liability.
Whether your business is a sole proprietorship, a family business, a partnership, corporation, or cooperative, our corporate and commercial lawyers will give you the tools you need to confidently and successfully navigate in your particular industry. We can advise you on tax issues, mergers, transactions, internal issues, customs, and resolution of disputes. If your business is experiencing difficulties with funding, profits, or has excessive debt, we have the knowledge and experience to guide you through the process of making the best decisions that can meet your needs.
Our highly seasoned, capable and professional corporate team understands the on-going challenges of our commercial clients. That’s why at Affinity Law, our corporate division provides comprehensive legal solutions in the most efficient manner.
Below is a list of our Corporate Offerings:
Business Formation/Incorporation/Partnership/Joint Ventures
The form of your business entity depends on numerous factors and your business objectives. We can arrange and counsel you on any business entity that is appropriate for you, including:
- Sole proprietorship—this gives you control over all business decisions, is easy and inexpensive to set up, and all profits go to you. There are also certain tax advantages. However, your personal assets are at risk to creditor claims.
- Partnership—you and your partners share equally in funding, profits, and share of assets. However, you are still personally liable for all business debts and are financially bound by any decisions made by any partner.
- Corporation—these entities have distinct advantages in areas of taxation and limited liability. Raising capital is easier but corporations are heavily regulated, and all formalities must be followed.
- Joint ventures—parties to joint ventures are two or more entities agreeing to shared resources and knowledge for carrying out a certain transaction or undertaking a project. These may be contractual or corporate. An Affinity law corporate and commercial lawyer can advise you on which is suitable for you.
Sharia Compliant Financing
Sharia financing allows our clients to conduct financial transactions while respecting Islamic law. An attractive feature of this type of financing is that lenders are forbidden to charge interest. Money is made by the lender purchasing the underlying product of the transaction and then selling or leasing it on installments to the client, which is typically more than its market value. Islamic financing is rapidly growing and is a serious competitor to Western banks. Let our legal team advise and find you the appropriate lender and counsel you on any issues that may arise.
Avoiding conflicts, disputes and litigation is a primary object of any contract. Affinity lawyers ensure that agreements are clear and specific in its terms and accurately reflects the intentions of the parties. Our lawyers will counsel you on such diverse matters as:
- Commercial leases
- Joint ventures
- Financial service contracts
- Service and supply agreements
- Construction and development
- Nonpayment disagreements
- Partnership and corporate disputes
Any business needs a strong legal foundation so you can focus on expanding your business. We will advise you on which business entity is most beneficial for your interests and goals as well as on all applicable regulations, rules and laws. We also offer guidance on:
- Intellectual property issues
- Licensing agreements
- NDAs and non-competition agreements
- By-laws and organizational matters
- Drafting commercial agreements
- Employment and human resource issues
Commercial Franchising and Leasing
As our client, you will have access to our team of dedicated and knowledgeable professionals regarding regulations, taxes, mergers and acquisitions, and all other matters affecting your business. Affinity lawyers help established and growing franchises get off the ground or expand across Canada, into the United States, and internationally. We can assist you with:
- Franchise arrangements
- Intellectual property (protection of trademarks, copyrights, patents, web sites and other IP matters)
- Litigation (breach of duty of fair dealing, restrictive covenant issues, alternative dispute resolution)
- International franchising
- Licensing agreements
- Privacy and record retention requirements
- Marketing and distribution (packaging, labeling, consumer protection laws, food and drug laws, other regulations)
- Tax laws, sales tax issues, royalties
Capital is essential to the sustainability and growth of any business. At Affinity Law, we offer a variety of services to get you the capital that you need:
- Negotiating Loan agreements
- Drafting promissory notes
- Preparing security agreements
- Personal property security registrations
- Advise on mortgages and liens
International Business Transactions
Affinity lawyers are seasoned professionals in providing legal counsel to our clients who have or are seeking international business interests. Our advice is wide-ranging on matters such as incorporation, financing, mergers and acquisitions, asset protection, commercial real estate, licensing, taxes, and intellectual property.
Acquiring a business is a complex matter with divergent issues. Failing to address any one of them or receiving incomplete or erroneous advice can cost your company substantially. Our skilled team of Affinity lawyers and staff will properly counsel you on corporate and commercial law, real estate, immigration, banking laws, construction law, and others. Our lawyers work closely with business brokers and can work out structured payment plans where applicable in which payment of a portion of the purchase price is dependent on future performance.
Insolvency and Restructuring
The Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act and Companies’ Creditors’ Arrangement Act are controlling in this area of the law. When challenging circumstances threaten your business, we can offer a wide range of services:
- Capital restructuring
- Insolvency proceedings
- Crisis management
- Plans of Arrangement
- Plans of Reorganization
- Plans of Compromise
- Debtor’s counsel
- Lender’s counsel
- Liquidator’s counsel
- Trustee’s counsel
- Regulatory counsel
Business Partner Disputes
Like any relationship, disputes often arise, and business partners are not exempt. When disagreements over business decisions or management arise, if there are allegations of misconduct, disagreement over the terms of the partnership agreement or the division of capital or profits, or if a partner wants a buyout, you need highly skilled legal counsel who can assess your interests, goals, rights, and obligations. In some cases, injunctive relief may be necessary to bar a partner from moving or diverting assets or from stealing your clients, and to protect your intellectual property. Alternative dispute resolution can often resolve many internal disputes. Call Affinity Law if your business is experiencing these typical disagreements.
Real Estate Construction Disputes
All too often, issues in real estate construction can derail a project, delay construction, cause extensive damage, or otherwise create significant legal problems. At Affinity Law, we represent owners, developers, contractors, suppliers, lenders, trades, and suppliers. Issues that we have handled include:
- Design-build contracts
- Claims for extras
- Employment and labour disputes
- Delay claims
- Fraud claims
- Claims for defective workmanship
- Claims regarding contaminated properties
- Claims regarding use of defective materials
When disputes delay a project, our team of construction lawyers provide mediation, arbitration, or litigation to get the project back on track. Call us today to see how Affinity Law can offer you the services and guidance you need to give your business the best opportunity to achieve your goals.
When a person suffers from an injury because of another party’s negligence, or was involved in a car accident
TORONTO INJURY AND DISABILITY LAWYERS
When a person suffers from an injury because of another party’s negligence, or is involved in a car accident regardless of fault, Ontario statutes provide the victim with the right to compensation for certain losses. In many such cases, you have the option to claim additional financial recovery for your loss.
Affinity Law has the experience, skill, and resources needed to assist injured victims in getting them the compensation that they deserve.
TYPES OF INJURIES
Car, truck, RVs, or motorcycle accidents are the most common injury claims since there are millions of motor vehicles that travel on our roadways each day. Every driver has a duty to exercise ordinary care while driving, which means obeying the traffic laws and keeping a lookout for road hazards. But even car accidents where liability appears evident can have issues that can prevent you from realizing the full value of your claim. Having a Toronto car accident lawyer from Affinity Law on your side gives you the best opportunity for a satisfactory resolution of your motor vehicle accident claim.
Bicyclists and pedestrians have the same right to the roadways as motorists and in many instances have additional protections. Motorists who unlawfully turn into bike lanes, who fail to give a bicyclist enough space, or who neglect to stop or notice pedestrians legally crossing the roadways are liable for the often catastrophic injuries and damages caused by their negligence. Retain a Toronto personal injury lawyer from Affinity Law to represent your interests if you have a bicycle or pedestrian injury claim.
Also called premises liability claims, these are accidents that occur on someone else’s property, whether it is private or public. These cases can involve complicated issues regarding notice of the hazard that caused the accident, and whether you were lawfully on the premises of either a retail business, a private home, or public property. You will need an Affinity Law premises liability lawyer to handle these complex cases to get you satisfactory compensation.
Any blow to the head or violent shaking can lead to concussive injuries or traumatic brain injuries where neurological issues may develop and lead to life-altering changes such as loss of earning capacity, diminished cognitive skills, changes in personality, and months or years of rehabilitation. An experienced Affinity Law personal injury lawyer from Toronto can conduct a comprehensive investigation of your case and present your claim in a manner designed to ensure that you have the best chance to receive the most compensation available.
Serious injuries to children are not only tragic but can mean substantial medical expenses for many months or even over a life-time. Injured children may not only be entitled to damages for their pain and suffering and diminished quality of life but also to the loss of income that they could have earned if not for the injury. Let a skilled Toronto personal injury lawyer from Affinity Law handle your child’s case.
Have you suffered an injury where you are no longer able to work or will be off work for a substantial period? Having your claim competently handled so that you receive all of the disability benefits to which you are entitled is essential for not only your own well-being but for your family as well. Let Affinity Law handle your disability claim to ensure you receive quality representation.
Medical professionals are highly trained and skilled practitioners who nonetheless commit negligence when treating or caring for patients. Hospitals and other medical facilities also are guilty of injuring patients through negligent practices or failures of oversight. If you or a loved one was injured and suffered damages due to the negligence of a medical provider, you can bring a tort claim against them, though you will be met by defense lawyers with considerable resources who will aggressively defend the doctors, nurses, chiropractors, and facilities who are accused of injuring you or a loved one.
A life-time of chronic back pain, or partial or complete paralysis with its various complications characterize many spinal cord injuries. These are often life-changing injuries that can require ongoing medical and even home care. To get the compensation you need, retain a Toronto personal injury lawyer from our firm to handle your claim from its onset to resolution.
Don’t let an injury cause you additional stress because an insurer or defendant has denied your claim or made a low-ball offer. Our lawyers have recovered millions in compensation for accident victims, even in the most difficult cases. We also understand that legal fees can be costly, which is why we only take payment upon settlement or verdict.
9) Dog Bites
A dog bite is usually a nip or a small tear to your hand or leg, but in some cases the dog can leave permanent and disfiguring scars, cause disabling injuries to limbs and muscles or serious infections from a wound, or maul a victim to death. Most dog bite victims, or around 85%, are children under the age of 12. This is likely because children are naturally attracted to animals and are too young and inexperienced to recognize signs of aggression or to be wary of an unattended animal, and not strong enough to fend off an attack.
Most dog attack fatalities in Canada occur in rural areas by packs of dogs. Huskies, Rottweilers, and mixed breeds are usually responsible. Canada has banned or outlawed the sale and possession of pit bulls that are 9-years of age or younger. However, dog bites from any breed still occur in urban and suburban areas because of the negligence of pet owners who fail to adhere to leash laws or to take reasonable precautions to protect persons who are lawfully on their property from being bitten.
A catastrophic injury is one that substantially affects the victim’s physical and/or mental condition to such an extent that it is life-altering. It includes serious bodily injury that significantly impairs a vital bodily function or causes severe disfigurement. It also involves an injury critical enough to prevent the injured party from being able to engage in further employment.
Because of the substantial damages involved in catastrophic injury cases, an experienced catastrophic injury lawyer from Toronto is essential if you are to receive the most compensation available. Do not hesitate to call a skilled Affinity Law personal injury lawyer from Toronto to handle your case.
A work-related injury is an event or any combination of events that occurs while on the job site or while engaged in an activity related to your work, and results in a physical or functional abnormality from a workplace event or occupational disease.
If your employment is covered by the Workplace Safety and Insurance Act (WSIA), then you will be unable to sue your employer directly if your injury was caused by your employer’s negligence or by another employee. The WSIA is a no-fault insurance system whereby you can still collect benefits even if you unintentionally caused your own injury, or your employer was not negligent.
Soft tissue injuries are probably the most prevalent type that occur in the majority of accidents and personal injury claims. Soft tissue refers to tissue such as ligaments, which are strong bands of inelastic connective tissue connecting bone to bone; and tendons, which are slightly elastic connective tissue connecting muscle to bone.
These injuries may accompany more serious injuries such as broken limbs, lacerations, or head trauma but may stand alone. Although most soft tissue injuries suffered in a fall, collision, assault, or other trauma are slight, non-permanent and heal or resolve with days or a few weeks, many are serious enough to warrant long periods of medical care and to result in a permanent disability.
Many people experience some level of depression, stress or anxiety at various times in their lives.But if your stress, anxiety or depression was caused by an accident or injury, can you recover compensation for your psychological condition if it impairs your ability to perform your job or to engage in normal, routine activities? Is it necessary that a physical injury be the cause or trigger for a legal claim of psychological injury or post-traumatic stress disorder? These are all questions, issues, and considerations that an experienced psychological damages lawyer from Affinity Law can address for you.
14) WRONGFUL DEATH
There is nothing more devastating than losing someone you love in an accident. These lethal accidents can occur as a result of someone else’s negligence in a variety of situations such as a car, truck, pedestrian or motorcycle accidents to name a few. If you have lost someone you love, it is imperative you do not hesitate to consult with an experienced Toronto wrongful death lawyer.
Accident benefits, also referred to as Statutory Accident Benefits (SABS), are for motor vehicle accident victims and are a no-fault insurance benefit that is a compulsory part of every automobile insurance policy in Ontario. Benefits are paid to eligible individuals regardless of who was at fault in a car accident. These payments compensate victims for lost earnings, medical expenses, and other economic losses incurred as a result of the accident. The amount of SABS funds and the categories under which an individual can claim benefits largely depends on the nature and extent of the injury, if the insured was employed, and other factors. To receive full accident benefits for your accident, you will need the assistance of an experienced accident benefits lawyer from Affinity Law.
Fibromyalgia is a condition that causes pain all over the body (also known as widespread pain), sleep problems, fatigue, and often emotional and mental distress. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, people with Fibromyalgia may be more sensitive to pain than people without Fibromyalgia. This is called abnormal pain perception processing.
Fibromyalgia can be a complication or consequence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or severe emotional distress and it cannot be detected on an x-ray, CT scan, or by blood tests.
A bone fracture means there is a break in the continuity of any bone. Individuals can suffer from broken bones in almost any part of the body, from the skull or spine to the ribs, arms, legs, or pelvis.
Fractures can result from falls, impact injuries, or other traumatic events. People working in dangerous occupations, e.g. industrial workers and those who have been involved in car, bicycle, or truck accidents are particularly at a high risk of suffering from a broken bone. Bone fractures are usually very painful and often incapacitate individuals from performing routine tasks.
Depending on the location of the bone and the type of fracture that occurred, different treatment and pain management techniques are used.
18) CHRONIC PAIN
Neck and back injuries are one of the leading causes of chronic pain for individuals. A 2019 survey by the Chronic Pain Association of Canada (CPAC) reported that chronic pain patients are experiencing a decline in quality of life, increase in pain, destruction of relationships, and are at higher suicide risk. Approximately 10.5 million Canadians (30%, or one in three) suffer from chronic pain and 2 million Canadians suffer intractable, high-impact chronic pain, with most requiring opiate medicine to function and carry on with life.
Chronic pain is usually defined as constant or intermittent pain that stays for longer than three to six months after the initial onset. Often, chronic pain is caused or worsened by injuries that do not heal properly like whiplash or a back injury from a car accident. Back injuries also account for many workers’ compensation payments. Activities involving bending and twisting like lifting, carrying, and lowering are most likely to result in back and neck injuries. Neck injuries can result from repetitive movements that place strain on the neck and shoulder area. Activities like weightlifting, contact sports, heavy-duty construction work, and others can cause chronic damage to the neck and shoulders.
19) SPORT INJURIES
Most Canadians love sports and recreation. However, these activities carry an element of risk and can lead to substantial injury and harm. If things go wrong when you are participating in a sport, sadly the effects can be catastrophic. Many thousands of Canadians are injured every year and the recovery can be complex, including seeking reimbursement for your losses.
If your injury is the result of negligence, intentional or careless conduct, inadequate supervision, unexpected aggressive behavior, or unsafe facilities, you may be entitled to make an injury claim.
Careers can be ruined by sports injuries, resulting in loss of income and earning potential. Some injuries also require ongoing medical treatment, surgery, and attendant care.
Long-term disability (LTD) insurers are usually hesitant to approve claims of psychological illnesses such as depression or bipolar disorder. Even if your treatment provider (family doctor, psychologist or psychiatrist) supports your claim, your LTD provider can deny your application.
In these challenging situations, it is crucial to hire a skilled and experienced disability lawyer who can guide you through the process of appeals and, if necessary, file a carefully structured claim against your insurer.
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